A History of The Mythical Centaur
No, this is not a history of the half-human half-horse from Greek mythology, but the pedal made by Klon Siberia’s Bill Finnegan (but probably with equally mythological status among guitar forums).
In the late ‘80s, Bill Finnegan was gigging bars and clubs in Boston, when he noticed that at smaller venues, sound engineers were asking him to turn the volume down. He played a Telecaster through a Fender Tweed Twin, and says that the “sweet spot” on the amp was around 6 or 7 on the volume. When he was forced to turn down to 3 or 4 he lost the harmonic richness of the amp.
To remedy this, he sought out a vintage TS9 Tube Screamer to replicate that natural tube distortion sound. However, “[The TS9] compressed the transient response of the original signal a lot, had a midrange character that I didn’t like, and subtracted a noticeable amount of bass response from the signal as well”, he told Premier Guitar in 2014.
Finnegan then set out to create an overdrive pedal that would bring the richness and dynamics of a cranked amp at lower volumes. Together with MIT graduate Fred Fenning, he sought to invent a new type of overdrive, completely different from the Tube Screamer. After several years in development, in 1994 he released the Klon Centaur Professional Overdrive, and was met with instant critical success.
Every pedal was built by Finnegan’s own hands and the circuitry remained a closely guarded secret as he covered every circuit board with black epoxy. This mythical circuit remained uncopied for over a decade until in 2008, its secrets were revealed to the world.
The Solution to The Tube Screamer
When the schematics appeared online, it was confirmed that the pedal was indeed a completely original design. The drive control contained a highly unusual blend feature that combined clean and overdriven signal, so at low gain it acted as a boost, but blended to pure distortion at higher gain settings. This fixed the compression issue Finnegan had with the Tube Screamer. With clean signal blended, the sound would retain the full dynamic range of the guitar. It also allowed for very natural picking dynamics, where the guitar would clean up by picking lighter and get grittier as you dig in, much like a valve amp on the edge of breakup.
Additionally, the pedal would convert the 9-volt power supply to 18 volts, thereby increasing the “headroom” (the volume level the sound can reach before it begins to compress and distort). The Centaur also contains germanium clipping diodes, as opposed to the cheaper and more common silicon diodes. Germanium offers a smoother and more harmonically rich distortion.
Another unusual feature of the Centaur is that it contains a “hard clipping” circuit, rather than “soft clipping”. Most overdrive pedals such as the Tube Screamer and the Boss Blues Driver are soft clippers, whilst hard clipping is usually used in high gain distortion pedals like the ProCo RAT or Boss DS-1 Distortion to achieve more distortion and harmonics. Because of this, the Klon has plenty of gain on tap but because of the blended clean signal, it never gets too harsh.
Finnegan’s other great contention with the Tube Screamer was its very distinctive midrange characteristic. His aim for the Klon was that when a guitarist found their sound in their guitar and amp, it “wouldn’t mess up what they already had and liked”. The Centuar is often described as a “transparent overdrive”, meaning that it doesn’t alter the characteristic tone of the amp. Although in truth it does have a slight mid-hump which will cut through the mix, not unlike a Tube Screamer. But in retaining the bass and increasing the headroom, the Klon has a far more natural and “open” sound, perfect for those who never got on with the Tube Screamer.
Finnegan stopped production of the Centaur in 2009, having hand-built an estimated 8,000 in its 15 years of production. Since then, it has become the most sought-after pedal in the world, finding its way into the hands of some of the world’s best guitarists – including Jeff Beck, John Mayer and Joe Perry. The Centaur regularly fetches over £3,000 on the second-hand market, and that figure continues to rise.