What Is A Guitar Amp Impulse Response?

The term ‘impulse response’ has long been considered a tad mysterious for all but experienced music producers and acoustical engineering graduates. But now it’s creeping more and more into the guitar & production mainstream. So what are impulse responses and how can you make use of them? Let’s find out…

Sam Beattie

Sam Beattie

What is an impulse response in guitar terms?

An impulse response (or IR) is a sonic measurement of the sound of a speaker, room or microphone in relation to a sound source. In guitar terms, this is usually your amp.

After your guitar itself and the dialled-in tone of your amp, there’s a lot more that can affect your sound. The speaker type, the space you’re in, the microphone you’re using, the microphone’s preamp or position – the list goes on.

The idea of an impulse response is to capture all of that information in one go, so you can instantly recall that setting. This means that wherever you are, you can retain your preferred tone, right down to the detail of your favourite mic placement and room sound. On stage, in the studio, jamming with friends – sorted.

Impulse responses – the scientific bit

It’s worth mentioning at this point that the term ‘impulse response’ is not exclusively used to refer to guitar amps and music production. The scientific explanation is, broadly-speaking, the measurement of an output reacting to a brief input signal (the impulse).

This could be an electronic current, an economic calculation, or a sound – that’s what we’re working with.

How do you use an impulse response?

Impulse responses are usually saved as generic .wav files. Many companies, producers and artists release their own impulse responses that allow you to accurately replicate their sounds. Alternatively, you can create your own – more on this later.

Once you’ve got your chosen IR file, you can load it into compatible hardware or software to reproduce your desired tone. Because impulse responses are becoming more and more commonly used, many manufacturers offer easy built-in ways to utilise them.

Many modern Cab Sim Pedals such as the TC Electronic Impulse and Two Notes Torpedo C.A.B. M+ feature IR loading, making using IRs easier than ever. You can simply carry all of your favourite presets on your pedalboard.

Browse IR Loader Pedals

Can you use an impulse response with a modelling amp?

Modelling amps are perfect examples of a common IR application. Most of the popular modelling amp varieties have built-in ways of loading in your own impulse response files – whether they’re your own or ones you’ve purchased/downloaded.

Here are some examples IR-compatible modelling amps:

  • Neural DSP Quad Cortex – using the IR Library in the ‘Cortex Cloud’, loading your favourite IRs is easy. They can then be found in the Impulse Response folder of your Quad Cortex’s Directory, and added as a cab block to your signal chain.
  • Line 6 Helix – using Line 6’s free software, you can simply connect your Helix to a computer and import your IR files into the ‘Impulses’ tab.
  • Kemper Profiler – use Kemper’s Cab Maker software to convert your IR .wav files into compatible .kipr files. Drop your .kipr files on a USB stick or similar device, then connect it to your Kemper. You can then import using the ‘external storage’ feature.
  • Headrush – put your Headrush pedalboard into ‘USB Transfer’ mode via global settings and plug in its USB cable. At this point, it’ll show up as a series of folders on your computer; drag and drop your .wav IR files into the ‘Impulse Responses’ folder.

Headrush Pedalboard Impulse Responses - Andertons Music Co.

(above: many manufacturers offer easy ways of implementing your own impulse responses, including Headrush)

Can you use an impulse response in a DAW?

The short answer is yes. As with the hardware described above, many DAWs have built-in IR solutions. While some plugins specifically let you use impulse responses (Amplitube, Positive Grid BIAS), they’re more commonly found in convolution reverb effects.

What is convolution reverb?

To put it simply, convolution reverb refers to the simulation of a reverb, echo or the sonic quality of a space using impulse responses. As described earlier, a short sound is played, with the response then being measured and recorded, then recreated using algorithms. Popular convolution reverb plugins include Logic Pro X Space Designer, Waves IR1 and Space by Avid.

What’s the different between an impulse response and a cab sim?

A cab simulator does exactly what the name suggests. It emulates the sound of a guitar cabinet to give your sound an organic ‘realistic’ edge. This is great for both recording and live performance, as it saves you needing to set up a cab with a mic.

(above: the Strymon Iridium combines amp/cab sim tech with hi-def impulse response realism)

Cab sims achieve their sound via careful tweaking of EQ, distortion and artificial ambience. Some speakers offer a mid-rich tone, while others might provide a hefty low-end with an open sound – this can all be carefully dialled in and emulated.

An impulse response offers a similarly realistic sound, but rather than being artificially modelled, it’s been literally measured, recorded and recreated. Many argue that this provides an even more accurate tone, as it’s lifted directly from the original sound that you’re trying to emulate.

Featured Guitar Cab Simulators

What’s the different between an impulse response and a reverb algorithm?

As mentioned earlier, convolution reverb is the simulation of ambience using an impulse response. Algorithmic reverb is totally artificial, recreating the effect of ambience by simulating natural echoes, EQ, decay times and other elements.

This can be just as effective, with both convolution and algorithmic reverbs having their own distinct sounds. It’s often simply down to taste; do you want a realistic, natural-sound reverb or something more abstract and otherworldly?


There you have it – impulse responses 101. Often lumped into the same category as guitar cab sims, there’s more to impulse responses than you may have thought.

We hope you enjoyed reading this piece. If you fancy some more nerdy gear knowledge, check out the rest of our learn content while you’re here. Thanks for stopping by!

Sam Beattie
Sam Beattie
Sam is one of our content writers, as well as being our resident southpaw and synth enthusiast. He spends his free time composing for music libraries and playing in a post-rock band. Sam's desert island gear would be his Mexican Tele, Strymon El Capistan and Teenage Engineering OP-1.

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